Resource Library

COVID-19 Update: The John T. Gorman Foundation is curating a list of resources, emerging best practices, and innovative ideas from across the country to help local organizations serve vulnerable Mainers during the coronavirus outbreak. To access those resources, visit www.jtgfoundation.org/resources/covid-19 or enter Covid-19 in the keyword search. Those results can be further focused by using the “Filter by” menu above to filter by population type (Young Children, Older Youth, Families, and Seniors) or by clicking the following links: childcare, education, food security, housing, rural areas, and workforce.

The John T. Gorman Foundation strives to be data-driven and results based and seeks to promote information and ideas that advance greater understanding of issues related to our mission and priorities. In our effort to promote these values, we offer these research and best practice resources collected from reputable sources across the country. The library also includes briefs and reports the Foundation has commissioned or supported, a listing of which can be found here.

 

More federal relief needed for elementary and secondary education

May 7, 2020 – Young Children, Older Youth

Brookings scholars draw on elementary and secondary education policy outcomes from the Great Recession to inform their recommendations for COVID-19 federal relief programs. The 2020 CARES Act appropriated $16.2 billion to education relief, which is far lower than the $56.5 billion allocated during the Great Recession. Their analysis shows that even this larger 2009 package “only delayed substantial declines in spending for elementary and secondary education for two or three years, and the COVID-19 crisis is expected to hit state revenues even harder.” Authors argue that more federal relief will be needed. #covid-19 #education

School district capacity, resources do not determine remote learning engagement

May 6, 2020 – Young Children, Older Youth

Brookings researchers report that many of the differences among school districts’ remote learning efforts are not due to capacity alone. A recent study of 82 school districts from the Center on Reinventing Public Education found that only 44 percent are providing online instruction and monitoring students’ progress. Some of the school districts in low-resource communities, like Los Angeles County and Miami-Dade County, have had successful transitions to daily remote learning. Consistent expectations and accountability have been key to keeping students engaged. Other more affluent districts, such as in Seattle, have lagged in setting up remote learning and the lack of accountability has resulted in many students not participating at all. #covid-19 #education

Rural, black, and Native youth disconnected from alternative education programming

May 1, 2020 – Older Youth

A new article from Pew Trusts Stateline highlights the challenges of the pandemic for disconnected youth, with focus on rural, black, and Native youth. For those who were tenuously connected to alternative education and skill-building program, socially distanced versions of programming may not be enough to keep them connected, especially considering infrastructure and financial barriers around virtual learning. #covid-19 #education #rural

Avoiding the COVID-19 slump: Making up for lost school time

April 30, 2020 – Young Children

Brookings indentidfies major hurdles to overcome by the set backs of distance learning. One important difference between the COVID-19 slump and summer slump is the long-term impact of stress, which has been linked to learning problems. The upshot of these additional stressors would suggest that the COVID-19 slump might have even more impact on children from under-resourced homes than does the summer slump. #covid-19 #education

Providing Emergency Aid to College Students in a Time of Crisis (Recommendations to colleges on how to distribute federal relief funding to students)

April 30, 2020 – Older Youth

Public and private funds are becoming available to assist students affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. This Issue Focus highlights lessons from prior evaluations of emergency aid programs to help colleges identify students in need and allocate resources equitably, with the goal of enabling their students to navigate the current crisis and ultimately succeed in college and beyond. #covid-19 #education

Should the Virus Mean Straight A’s for Everyone?

April 30, 2020 – Young Children, Older Youth, Families

The New York Times reports on how high schools across the country are dealing with grading in the pandemic. Hawaii approved a modification of graduation requirements, and recommended that third quarter grades be treated as final, although many states have not made recommendations, leaving decisions to school districts and resulting in varied approaches. Seattle Public Schools decided that all high school students will receive an A or an incomplete, noting that “grades have historically rewarded students with privilege and penalized others. This issue has become even more apparent during this COIVD-19 emergency.” Similarly, teachers in California’s San Mateo Union High School District support the district’s decision to adopt a credit/no credit grading system. #covid-19 #education

Even before the Pandemic, Students with Limited Technology Access Lagged behind Their Peers

April 28, 2020 – Young Children

As the nation navigates an unprecedented shift to online learning, standardized test data show students without computer or internet access are already far behind their peers in reading and math achievement. Federal policymakers, philanthropists, and internet providers looking to mitigate the negative effects of distance learning can use student survey data from the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) to target state-level investments. Continued data collection—especially on the 2021 NAEP, if possible—will be critical for understanding the effects of this sweeping change on student outcomes. #covid-19 #education

Coronavirus Will Require Changes in Schools When They Reopen to Protect Students

April 16, 2020 – General

Schools will likely need to modify their practices so that teachers, staff, and students maintain social distancing standards when they return. Just as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has put out interim guidance about safety practices for essential workers, a federal agency could issue guidance for schools based on expert opinion and available knowledge about the feasibility of various social distancing practices carried out in the past. #covid-19 #education

School district responses to the COVID-19 pandemic: Round 2, districts are up and running

April 15, 2020 – General

New survey results from the second wave of the American Enterprise Institute’s COVID-19 Education Response Longitudinal Survey (C-ERLS) reveal the dramatic shift in school district actions over just an 11-day period. This nationally representative survey of public school districts showed that the percentage of schools with remote instructional programs increased from 43% on March 27 to 71% by April 7, 2020. The full report also details that by April 7, the majority of schools—68%—had daily meal pickups organized on school sites and 66% had some kind of technology assistance available to families. #covid-19 #foodsecurity #education

Will Students without Home Internet Fall Behind During Coronavirus Shutdowns?

April 12, 2020 – Young Children, Older Youth

Analysis from the Public Policy Institute of California found that that most vulnerable studentsduring the coronavirus pandemic – those who are low income, Latinx, African American, or rural – are less likely to have broadband access at home. Almost 50 percent of low-income households with school-aged children did not have broadband at home. Without anchor institutions like libraries, recreation centers, and restaurants to provide public Wi-Fi, students have fewer public solutions available, which has serious implications for educational equity. #covid-19 #education

How the coronavirus shutdown will affect school district revenues

April 9, 2020 – Families

As state budgets are hit hard by the economic slowdown due to the coronavirus pandemic, school districts will have to plan for a sharp decline in their budgets for the 2020-2021 school year. The recent federal stimulus package does include aid for K-12 students, but this support will likely be insufficient. Due to state funding formulas and layoff policies, the effects will be felt differently across the country. #covid-19 #education

How to reach students without internet access during coronavirus? Schools get creative

April 9, 2020 – Young Children, Older Youth

For more rural places or districts without widespread broadband access during the coronovirus pandemic, schools are shifting to more low-tech solutions, including daily television programming tied to local curriculums via local PBS affiliates in Arkansas and California, at-home reading challenges in Rhode Island, and delivery of print materials via school bus in Nevada and Minnesota, These deliveries are sometimes paired with school meal drop-offs, as in New Hampshire. #covid-19 #education #rural