Resource Library

COVID-19 Update: The John T. Gorman Foundation is curating a list of resources, emerging best practices, and innovative ideas from across the country to help local organizations serve vulnerable Mainers during the coronavirus outbreak. To access those resources, visit www.jtgfoundation.org/resources/covid-19 or enter Covid-19 in the keyword search. Those results can be further focused by using the “Filter by” menu above to filter by population type (Young Children, Older Youth, Families, and Seniors) or by clicking the following links: childcare, education, food security, housing, rural areas, and workforce.

The John T. Gorman Foundation strives to be data-driven and results based and seeks to promote information and ideas that advance greater understanding of issues related to our mission and priorities. In our effort to promote these values, we offer these research and best practice resources collected from reputable sources across the country. The library also includes briefs and reports the Foundation has commissioned or supported, a listing of which can be found here.

 

Women are advancing in the workplace, but women of color still lag behind

October 20, 2021 – General –

Race and gender continue to create divergent and uneven outcomes for women of all races and for men of color. This is particularly evident in the underrepresentation and experiences of women employed in professional occupations. An oft-cited statistic, for instance, reveals that as a result of factors including, but not limited to, motherhood penalties, gender discrimination, and occupational segregation, women make 79 cents for every dollar men earn. But Black women earn only 64 cents on the dollar, and for Latinas it is a dismal 54 cents. As it was in the early 20th century, women of color continue to experience occupational and economic disadvantages that reflect the ways both race and gender affect their work experiences. #workforce #racialequity

What does capping child care co-pays look like in each state?

August 18, 2021 – Families, Young ChildrenChildcare, COVID-19, Racial Equity

A new resource published by CLASP provides a state-by-state analysis of the Child Care for Working Families Act’s sliding scale co-payment proposal. The act would cap out-of-pocket child care costs for families earning less than 150 percent of their state’s median income with co-pays varying across four levels. For instance, families earning less than 75 percent of median income would have zero co-pay, while families earning 125-150 percent would pay between 4 and 7 percent of their income. For Maine, this translates to free child care for families earning less than $61,888, and a maximum co-payment of $8,820 for Maine families earning up to $126,003. #covid-19 #childcare #racialequity

How COVID relief funds continue to feed one California county’s seniors

August 11, 2021 – SeniorsCOVID-19, Food Security

In response to the uptick in pandemic-related food insecurity, California Governor Gavin Newsom supported the “Great Plates” program in Spring 2020, which used federal funding to purchase and deliver local restaurant meals to seniors facing food insecurity. With the recent expiration of funds for that program, San Mateo County has decided to leverage its own COVID relief funds to continue a variation on the program through the next two fiscal years. #covid-19 #foodsecurity

Material hardship declines after Child Tax Credit payout

August 11, 2021 – FamiliesCOVID-19, Food Security

A new analysis of Household Pulse Survey data from the U.S. Census Bureau finds that fewer households experienced trouble obtaining sufficient food and paying household expenses in the two-week period following the first Child Tax Credit advance payments began on July 15. Comparing reported food insufficiency rates between adults in households with children and those in households without, the analysis shows a 2.6 percentage point decline in food insufficiency among households with kids after the credit was issued, compared with no decline in households without children. Trouble paying expenses declined by 2.5 percentage points among households with children in this period, compared with a 1 percentage point increase in reported difficulty among households without children. #covid-19 #foodsecurity

Supporting immigrant children and families is critical in rebuilding the child care system and overall economy

August 11, 2021 – Families, Young ChildrenChildcare, COVID-19, Mental Health, Racial Equity

CLASP recently published a brief outlining how immigrant providers and families can utilize the two child care funding streams made available in the American Rescue Plan Act: $24 billion in stabilization grants and another $15 billion for child care assistance through the Child Care and Development Block Grant (CCDBG). Because immigrant families are a significant share of the nation’s families with children, and because immigrant workers comprise a substantial slice of child care providers, CLASP argues that excluding immigrant needs from planning processes risks leaving significant numbers of families and children behind. CLASP recommends that state agencies conduct outreach in immigrant communities to inform them about their eligibility for relief and to reduce fear and misunderstanding, support mental health services for immigrant workers and families, use funds to improve and coordinate state data systems, and be sure to bring the voices of immigrant communities into the decision-making process. #covid-19 #childcare #mentalhealth #racialequity

Social Security narrows wealth gap between high- and low-income households

August 10, 2021 – SeniorsWealth and Assets

A working paper from the Federal Reserve Bank of Boston presents a new conceptualization of household wealth that accounts for the patterned availability of wealth components across the population. Specifically, the authors extend the definition of wealth beyond market-based assets to also include estimated pension and Social Security distributions, which are critical elements of retirement-financing savings for many seniors. The paper finds that by including these resources in wealth calculations, the gap in wealth between the highest-income and lowest-income households, which is well documented with traditional measures, appears smaller when also including pensions and Social Security. Findings indicate that reductions in Social Security benefits would have significant implications for wealth distribution and for the economic wellbeing of the lowest-earning households in particular. #weath&assets

Findings from a partnership to support Detroit’s informal child care providers

August 10, 2021 – Families, Young ChildrenChildcare, Workforce

A new brief from Mathematica details findings from their recent partnership with the W.K. Kellogg Foundation and three community serving organizations in Detroit. As part of the Foundation’s work to increase access to ECE among Detroit families, this partnership offered child development knowledge and skills programming to 70 informal child care providers in Detroit (all women; 80 percent were Latinx or Hispanic), evaluating the successes and strengths of providers and of the collaborative learning model along the way. Mathematica found that the community-led and community-based forums translated to gains in providers’ child development knowledge and skills, and that the offerings both professionalized and facilitated connections among these providers who previously had not focused on their child development contributions to the community. The work concludes with recommendations for those seeking to partner with informal care providers under collaborative models in other settings. #childcare #workforce

American Rescue Plan’s Fiscal Recovery Funds provide diverse support to those most impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic

August 5, 2021 – FamiliesCOVID-19, Mental Health, Racial Equity

Early data from the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities show that the $350 billion in Fiscal Recovery Funds from the American Rescue Plan has helped states, localities, U.S. territories, and tribal governments invest in education, employment, emergency housing relief, mental health services, and broadband improvements. These investments vary in approach but include expanding and strengthening affordable housing and homelessness programs; youth mental health systems; workforce skills training; college scholarships and community college programs; alternatives to policing; services for immigrants; high-speed internet in rural areas; cash assistance and disability benefits; child care systems; food banks; and infrastructure in schools. In addition, the Fiscal Recovery Funds are helping avoid budget cuts to vulnerable areas. #covid-19 #racialequity #mentalhealth

Family risk and low-income fathers’ engagement with children

August 5, 2021 – Families, Young ChildrenTwo-Gen

A new paper published in the Journal of Family Issues uses the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing dataset to examine whether fathers experiencing individual and family risk (e.g., drug and alcohol abuse, incarceration, unemployment) in their children’s first few years of life were less likely to be engaged with those children at age 9. Findings suggest that establishing early patterns of engagement is important for low-income fathers and that early and consistent supports to reduce fathers’ risk levels can support the maintenance of paternal engagement through childhood.

Supporting the ECE workforce through COVID-19 relief mechanisms

August 3, 2021 – Families, Young ChildrenChildcare, COVID-19, Racial Equity, Workforce

The COVID-19 pandemic’s dramatic impact on the Early Childhood Education (ECE) workforce and subsequent funds made available through the American Rescue Plan Act have created an opportunity to build ECE workforce capacity and create evidence-based improvements to the system. The Urban Institute’s Young Scholars program identified several opportunities within the ECE system, including recognizing the critical supportive role of Head Start assistant teachers, who are more likely than lead teachers to speak their students’ languages; recognizing the stressors early educators face—particularly educators of color—and addressing those challenges with greater socioemotional and mental health supports; and providing pre-service kindergarten and first grade teachers with supports to address absenteeism among students. The piece highlights the specific funding streams that may be used to address these areas. #covid-19 #childcare #workforce #racialequity

No Child Left Offline: It’s time to prioritize digital equity in America’s public schools

August 2, 2021 – Young Children, Older YouthCOVID-19, Education, Mental Health, Racial Equity

The pandemic’s impact on K-12 students has yet to be fully realized, but schools are bracing for learning losses, mental health challenges, and vast systemic and educational disparities revealed from the switch to remote learning. More than 9 million students did not have access to broadband service or an internet-enabled device at the beginning of the pandemic, having no choice but to miss online school. And because the virus has disproportionately impacted communities of color, students of color have been disproportionately learning remotely. To promote digital equity in education, Brookings scholars propose a “No Child Left Offline” initiative. #covid-19 #education #racialequity #mentalhealth

Illinois announces $200 Million investment for early childhood workers

July 29, 2021 – Families, Young ChildrenChildcare, COVID-19, Racial Equity, Workforce

Illinois recently passed into law HB 2878, which uses $200 million in federal funds to provide training, mentorship programs, and scholarships for child care workers to pursue further education over the next two years. The bill also establishes a statewide early childhood education consortium to improve access and direct funding. #covid-19 #childcare #workforce #racialequity