Resource Library

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The John T. Gorman Foundation strives to be data-driven and results based and seeks to promote information and ideas that advance greater understanding of issues related to our mission and priorities. In our effort to promote these values, we offer these research and best practice resources collected from reputable sources across the country. The library also includes briefs and reports the Foundation has commissioned or supported, a listing of which can be found here.


Remote work and child care closures hasten need to revamp fragile child care system

June 21, 2021 – Families, Young ChildrenChildcare, COVID-19, Workforce

A Bipartisan Policy Center report describes new survey results assessing how parents’ work arrangements are interacting with their child care needs. Results suggest that 81 percent of working parents with children under 5 who have the option to work remote are utilizing that option. Most parents (60 percent) would like to keep this option to some extent moving forward to enable flexibility of childcare. This is particularly relevant for parents with inconsistent or nontraditional work hours, which disproportionately includes Black, less educated, and low-income parents. The survey shows that only 29 percent of parents had access to the same childcare situation as pre-pandemic, and threequarters of parents said they had missed a full day of work in the past month due to child care constraints. Finally, respondents across the political spectrum expressed support for high-quality child care access, with 95 percent of liberals and 79 percent of conservatives agreeing that more government support of child care would benefit children and families. #covid-19 #childcare #workforce

The number of home-based early care and education providers decreased from 2012 to 2019

June 9, 2021 – Families, Young ChildrenChildcare, Education

The Administration for Children and Families’ Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation (OPRE) recently released a chartbook with findings from the 2012 and 2019 National Survey of Early Care and Education. These data allow for a nationally representative look at listed, unlisted paid, and unlisted unpaid homebased early care and education providers in the United States. A main finding includes that the number of providers nationwide decreased from 2012 to 2019. This decline was driven in part by a 25 percent drop in the number of listed home-based providers over this period. #childcare #education

Making best use of federal child care support means strategic partnerships to build capacity

May 4, 2021 – FamiliesChildcare, COVID-19, Education

A new report from CLASP elucidates the role and extent of different federal relief funding streams that can be used to enhance child care facilities. Some resources are specific to child care (e.g., the Child Care & Development Block Grant) while others, available to states and localities as general small business and capital project funds, could also be leveraged in this way. CLASP identifies which sources can be used for renovations, technical assistance, equipment, hazard pay, and other infrastructure-supporting uses. Authors suggest partnerships with Community Development Financial Institutions (CDFIs) are an especially important strategy for states and tribes to consider, given that these partnerships can open access to new funding streams, development expertise, real estate, and technical assistance. #covid-19 #education #childcare

Facilitating parental work and school is the key driver of child care searches

April 2, 2021 – FamiliesChildcare

The Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation (OPRE) at the Administration for Children and Families (ACF) contributes to understanding of child care demand by identifying why parents search for a new child care provider and describing the results of those searches. Using data from the 2012 National Survey of Early Care and Education Household Survey, the report shows that nearly half of parents of children under age six had searched for a provider in the prior two years, most often—two in three parents—seeking care so that parents could work or attend school. Another 30 percent identified supporting child development as the main driver of their search. Findings differed considerably by child age, with parents of children under three much more likely to cite facilitating parental work or school as their main search reason compared to parents of children age three to six (77 versus 19 percent). Parents from higher-income households were both more likely to search for care and more likely to enroll with a new provider compared to their peers from lower-income households. #childcare

Lessons learned on credentialing as a tool for professionalizing the ECE workforce

April 1, 2021 – General – Childcare, Workforce

Since 2019, Louisiana has required lead teachers in public child care centers to obtain an Early Childhood Ancillary Certificate (ECAC) if they do not already have a bachelor’s degree. While these credentialing requirements are intended to help professionalize the ECE workforce, these policies also can create new burdens for already overextended child care workers and programs. New research from UCLA and the University of Virginia finds that despite the robust design of the program—where tuition is fully covered and teachers who complete the program are eligible for a large refundable tax credit—the majority of teachers who begin the ECAC program do not complete it. Program leaders suggested that simplifying enrollment and scholarship applications, creating more digital materials, more consistent check-ins with candidates, and child care center director support for their employees in the program were all key factors in whether or not child care workers completed the program. #childcare #workforce

Child Care Center Incubator In Maine Adapts And Expands During The Pandemic

March 26, 2021 – General – Childcare, Maine, Workforce

Shortly before the pandemic hit, Coastal Enterprises Inc. (CEI), a non-profit community development organization in Brunswick, launched the Child Care Business Lab. THe purpose of the program is to boost the local economy by creating jobs for child care workers and helping parents unable to find employment without someone to look after their children. The latter situation is a big problem in Maine, where the number of family-based child care businesses dropped 28% from 2010 to 2016, according to CEI. Half of the first cohort’s 10 entrepreneurs opened for business in time for the school year. More recently, CEI launched a second program, this one focused on Lewiston, a former mill town with a large population of refugees from Somalia and other African countries. That cohort has the same objective as the first one: helping Maine residents who love children, but lack the business experience needed to start an enterprise in an industry with complex state requirements. The program has $1.7 million in funding from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. #childcare #workforce #Maine

New research links elementary school closures to reduced maternal labor force participation

March 12, 2021 – FamiliesChildcare, COVID-19, Education

An article published in Gender & Society finds that COVID-19-related school closures are associated with reduced maternal employment, concluding that schools are part of the nation’s critical care infrastructure. The authors collected operating status of schools (data not yet available publicly), linking this information to data on labor force participation from the current population survey. The authors find that in states with fully remote instruction, the gender labor force participation gap grew over the pandemic and stayed smaller in places where hybrid (like Maine) or in-person instruction was available. The authors conclude that states should continue to prioritize continuous in-person child care and schooling so parents, and especially mothers, can continue to engage in paid work. #covid-19 #education #childcare

Federal Policies Can Address the Impact of Structural Racism on Black Families’ Access to Early Care and Education

March 5, 2021 – General – Childcare, COVID-19, Education, Racial Equity

This brief from Child Trends is the second in a series examining timely topics that are relevant to Black families and children in the United States. It sheds light on the role of federal policies in creating, maintaining, and addressing inequities brought about by structural racism, with a specific focus on access to early care and education for Black families. The first brief provides a brief summary of recent data and historical context on family structure, employment and income, and geography for Black people with young children in the United States. The third brief uses national, state, and local data to examine housing access and other available supports for Black families, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic. #childcare #education #racialequity #covid-19

Youth Programs Can Improve Engagement by Reducing Barriers and Strengthening Relationships

February 18, 2021 – General – Childcare, Food Security

Child Trends reviewed the available literature on improving program engagement, but found little methodologically strong research that could guide programs with actionable suggestions. Moreover, the existing research is often conducted with program participants and misses the youth who are least likely to participate in programs. In the review of available literature, four basic themes emerged as field-sourced suggestions for improving program recruitment, retention, and engagement. 1) To improve recruitment and participation, programs should identify and address barriers to program attendance, such as transportation and its costs, child care, food, and scheduling issues. 2) Programs can use strategic financial incentives to improve recruitment and retention, especially for young adults. 3) Involving recruiters from the community that is being recruited can improve recruitment, as can drawing upon existing relationships and connections. 4) Making programs interesting, fun, and enjoyable for young people can improve engagement with afterschool programs. The recent literature also consistently stresses the importance of positive, respectful, and supportive relationships between youth and staff for retaining young people and promoting active program engagement. #childcare #foodsecurity

New federal research finds child care quality only loosely linked to price

January 27, 2021 – FamiliesChildcare

New research from the Administration for Children and Families explores the relationship between the price of center-based child care and measures of quality in those centers. Using data from the 2021 National Survey of Early Care and Education, the authors find that there is little relationship between reported prices and quality of care measures: for preschool-age care, price is associated with 7 of the 18 quality indicators assessed, and for infant and toddler care, cost is associated with even fewer indicators (3 of 14 and 3 of 18, respectively). The authors emphasize that questions remain around what does drive child care pricing, and in particular, “what those prices ‘buy’ families in terms of the quality of care for their children.” #childcare

Prices Reported by Center-Based Early Care and Education Providers: Associations with Indicators of Quality

January 27, 2021 – General – Childcare

The Office of the Administration for Children & Families reports that paying for child care can place a burden on households, especially those with low incomes. Currently, there is a dearth of knowledge regarding whether households obtain higher-quality child care when they pay higher prices for that care. To that end, this research brief uses data from center-based providers to examine whether centers that report higher prices for child care provide higher-quality care, as measured with a variety of indicators. #childcare

Snapshots from the NSECE: How are Lower-Income Households Using Nonparental Care for Children Under Age 6?

January 27, 2021 – General – Childcare

This Snapshot identifies the nonparental care arrangements lower-income households, with at least one working parent, use to care for children under age 6 (not yet in kindergarten). This Snapshot is based on data from the 2012 National Survey of Early Care and Education (NSECE) household survey, a nationally representative survey of households with children under the age of 13. #childcare