Resource Library

COVID-19 Update: The John T. Gorman Foundation is curating a list of resources, emerging best practices, and innovative ideas from across the country to help local organizations serve vulnerable Mainers during the coronavirus outbreak. To access those resources, visit or enter Covid-19 in the keyword search. Those results can be further focused by using the “Filter by” menu above to filter by population type (Young Children, Older Youth, Families, and Seniors) or by clicking the following links: childcare, education, food security, housing, rural areas, and workforce.

The John T. Gorman Foundation strives to be data-driven and results based and seeks to promote information and ideas that advance greater understanding of issues related to our mission and priorities. In our effort to promote these values, we offer these research and best practice resources collected from reputable sources across the country. The library also includes briefs and reports the Foundation has commissioned or supported, a listing of which can be found here.


Social Service Delivery in Two Rural Counties

February 26, 2019 – Families

When low-income residents struggle to make ends meet, non-profit social service agencies can help fill the gaps. In doing so, these agencies must find sufficient funding, retain qualified staff, and craft efficient service delivery mechanisms that are respectful of clients and communities. Some of the challenges that service providers encounter are exacerbated by rural characteristics, such as vast geographic distances and the lack of economies of scale. Yet in some ways rurality is beneficial, as small communities can facilitate community engagement and providers can engage natural supports in their service delivery work.

Maine Data Glimpse: Family Poverty in Maine by Family Type, 2012-2016

February 25, 2019 – Families

This figure displays the poverty rates for Maine families by county and family type.
  • Across all counties, single mother poverty is about six times as high as among married couple families.
  • Single father poverty rates are similar to married parent poverty rates across all counties, speaking to the disparities in mothers’ and fathers’ incomes.

Using the Science About Self-Regulation to Improve Economic Outcomes for TANF Families

February 25, 2019 – Families

Administrators and staff of Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) programs are continually looking for new strategies to help their participants achieve economic independence. Many TANF employment programs focus on rapid job placement with some access to short-term education, training, and work-like activities, such as work experience, subsidized employment, and on-the-job training. These programs typically offer child care assistance and some work supports as well.

Opportunity Industries: Exploring the industries that concentrate good and promising jobs in metropolitan America

February 25, 2019 – Families

In recent decades, technological change and the global integration it enables have been rapidly reshaping the U.S. economy. These forces have improved the potential of some individuals to thrive, but diminished prospects for others striving to reach or maintain their place in the American middle class. Amid these changes, how and where will individuals find durable sources of good jobs?

Working-Family Tax Credits Lifted 8.9 Million People out of Poverty in 2017

February 6, 2019 – Families

The Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) and Child Tax Credit (CTC) together boosted the incomes of 29.1 million Americans in 2017, lifting 8.9 million above the poverty line and making 20.2 million others less poor, our analysis of new Census data shows. These totals include 12.5 million children, 4.8 million of whom were lifted out of poverty and another 7.7 million made less poor. The figures use the Census Bureau’s Supplemental Poverty Measure, which — unlike the official poverty measure — accounts for the impact of taxes and non-cash benefits as well as cash income.

Overdue for Investment: State Child Care Assistance Policies 2018

January 22, 2019 – Young Children, Families

Child care is crucial for the well-being of parents, children, and our nation. It makes it possible for parents to work and support their families. It gives children a safe, nurturing environment to learn and develop skills they need to succeed in school and in life. And, by strengthening the current and future workforce, it bolsters our nation’s economy. Yet many families, particularly low-income families, struggle with the high cost of child care. These costs can strain families’ budgets, force parents to use lower-cost care even if they would prefer other options for their children, or prevent parents from working because they cannot afford care. Child care assistance can enable families to overcome these challenges by helping families pay for child care.

Do EITC Expansions Pay for Themselves? Effects on Tax Revenue and Public Assistance Spending

January 22, 2019 – Families

This paper studies how behavioral responses to the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) aect the program's budgetary cost. The EITC encourages labor supply and increases income, thereby reducing public assistance payments to households and increasing taxes paid by households. These sources of revenue reduce the EITC's net cost. We use administrative Internal Revenue Service tax data linked to Current Population Survey data on enrollment in public assistance programs to estimate the EITC's net cost. The evidence from three decades of EITC policy expansions implies that the EITC decreases public assistance received by mothers and increases payroll and sales taxes paid. Our estimates suggest that the EITC has a self-nancing rate of 87 percent, so that the EITC's true cost is only 13 percent of the sticker price. Although the EITC is one of the largest and most important public assistance programs in the U.S., we show that the EITC is actually one of the least expensive anti-poverty programs in the U.S., costing taxpayers about half as much as the school lunch and breakfast programs.

Who Was Poor in the United States in 2017?

January 11, 2019 – Families, Seniors, Young Children, Older Youth

For the past few yearsThe Hamilton Project has released an annual report characterizing poverty in America. Describing who is poor is critical for making anti-poverty policy and directly relevant to determining eligibility for means-tested programs. In 2017, 12.3 percent of the population39.7 million peoplelived in poverty, as defined by the official poverty measure [1]The share of the population living in poverty was statistically significantly lower in 2017 than in 2016 by 0.4 percentage points.

Creating an Integrated Efficient Early Care and Education System to Support Children and Families: A State-by-State Analysis

January 11, 2019 – Young Children, Families

Recognizing the critical importance of children’s earliest years in terms of brain development and later life outcomes, the federal government invests billions of dollars each year in programs designed to provide early care and education (ECE) to children under the age of five. Most federal funds flow through programs managed by federal agencies—principally the U.S. Department of Education and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services—to the states, which have wide discretion regarding how the funds are administered and coordinated to provide ECE services. Additionally, many states fund Pre-Kindergarten (Pre-K) and preschool programs using their own state resources.

Behavioral Intervention Materials Compendium

July 31, 2018 – Young Children, Families

The Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation (OPRE) releases a report on their Behavioral Interventions to Advance Self-Sufficiency (BIAS) project, which uses behavioral insights to design interventions for social programs that serve vulnerable families. The report covers the application of these interventions in child care, child support, and work support programs across several states. Some relevant interventions include an assessment metric and individualized assistance for parents selecting a child care provider, reducing the complexity of the process for redetermination in child care funding assistance eligibility, and other processes related to families with children.
What is the market price of daycare and preschool?

What is the market price of daycare and preschool?

May 22, 2018 – Young Children, Families

How much do parents spend on center-based daycare and preschool for their young children?  In other words, what is the market price of these services?  The answer is important for parents, government, policymakers, and providers.

Policy Brief: Maine Benefits Cliff

May 3, 2018 – Families

Funded by the John T. Gorman Foundation, this report maps the benefits cliff in Maine--a period during which rising family income is offset by reductions in eligibility for public assistance. *JTGF-funded