Resource Library

The John T. Gorman Foundation strives to be data-driven and results based and seeks to promote information and ideas that advance greater understanding of issues related to our mission and priorities. In our effort to promote these values, we offer these research and best practice resources.

We invite you to check back often, as this list is regularly updated.

 

Child Care and Housing: Big Expenses With Too Little Help Available

May 24, 2019 – Families

A new joint report from the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities (CBPP) and the Center for Law and Social Policy (CLASP) focuses on assistance programs targeting two critical family expenses: child care and housing. The report finds that due to insufficient funding, only one in six eligible children receives child care assistance and one in five eligible families with children receives housing assistance. The authors indicate that both assistance programs are effective: for instance, housing vouchers reduced housing instability by four-fifths, and homelessness by three-quarters. The report encourages policymakers to consider elevating funding for these programs in their funding discussions around non-defense discretionary programs.

Losing Our Minds: Brain Drain across the United States

May 24, 2019 – Older Youth

The Joint Economic Committee of the United States Congress has published a report on "brain drain" across the nation. For Maine specifically, the report finds that more highly-educated Mainers leave the state than stay behind, meaning that the state is experiencing gross brain drain, but at a lower rate than the rest of Northern New England. Maine fares better than New Hampshire and Vermont on net brain drain too: more highly educated adults are entering the state than are leaving it. Taken together, this means Maine is disproportionately losing the best-educated adults born in-state [but managing] to replace those leavers with better-educated entrants.

Opioid and Substance Use Disorder and Receipt of Treatment Among Parents Living With Children in the United States, 2015-2017

May 24, 2019 – Families

A new study published in the Annals of Family Medicine explores the prevalence of opioid use disorder (OUD) and other substance use disorders (SUD) among parents of resident children. The authors found that 0.9% of parents were living with OUD; those parents were more often low income, non-Hispanic white, and to have Medicaid than parents who were living with non-OUD SUDs. Parents with OUD were more likely to receive treatment than parents with other kinds of SUDs, but rates of treatment were less than one-third in this group. The authors suggest that primary care practitioners can play an important role in screening, diagnosing, and supporting patients with treatment decision-making.

What it would take to achieve quality jobs for all workers?

May 24, 2019 – Families

The Urban Institute published a detailed report exploring "What would it take to achieve quality jobs for all workers." Based on interviews, focus groups, and round tables with key stakeholders, the report identifies required actions from an array of business, policy, private players, including legislators, employers, industries, nonprofit agencies, and workers themselves. The report concludes with a list of priorities for better understanding how to improve job quality, including gathering additional data on non-standard work, a key area in which job quality may need to be improved.

The Role of Licensing in Supporting Quality Practices in Early Care and Education

May 20, 2019 – Young Children

A new brief from the Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation elucidates the<br />relationship between early care and education licensing and program quality. Beyond<br />conceptualizing licensing as simply a ?permission to operate? mechanism, this brief<br />provides a framework for policymakers and ECE professionals to make use of the licensing process and its components to improve and support quality programming.

Challenges Facing Older Adults in the U.S.

May 20, 2019 – General

A trio of articles published ahead of print in Health Affairs focuses on challenges facing older adults in the United States. Rowe provides an overview of policies and initiatives that seek to expand seniors' access to health care, housing, and economic security. Herbert and Molinsky call for additional services and supports that would allow older adults to age successfully at home, including crafting new housing options, expanding financial support to appropriately retrofit existing homes, and improving delivery of in-home support services. Pearson et al. explore the adequacy of long-term care and housing needs for middle-income seniors, finding that 54 percent of seniors do not have sufficient financial resources to meet these needs. The forthcoming issue is broadly focused on elder care.Rowe: https://www.healthaffairs.org/doi/full/10.1377/hlthaff.2019.00095; Herbert and Molinsky: https://www.healthaffairs.org/doi/full/10.1377/hlthaff.2019.00203; Pearson et al.: https://www.healthaffairs.org/doi/full/10.1377/hlthaff.2018.05233

Evaluation of Race to the Top Early Learning Challenge Grants

May 20, 2019 – Young Children

A new report from Mathematica evaluates results from Race to the Top-Early Learning Challenge grants. These grants aimed to increase the share of early childhood education programs that use a quality ratings system and that are highly scored in those systems. The grants did indeed meet this goal, but the report finds that children in higher-quality programs did not have better developmental outcomes than children in lower-rated programs. The authors suggest that program-level improvements related to management and administration may improve program quality but may not directly translate to improved outcomes for children.

A Conceptual Model for Quality in Home-Based Child Care

May 20, 2019 – Young Children

The Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation has published a new conceptual model for understanding and promoting quality in home-based child care. Major components of the model include laying foundations for sustainability of care (e.g., engaging resources, managing finances), building lasting relationships (e.g., with children, community members), and identifying opportunities for learning and development (e.g., capitalizing on available materials, supporting children's ability to learn with and from each other). Amid a broader context of declining home-based care and increased focus on quality, this model seeks to provide strategies for supporting and retaining homebased providers.

Inequitable Access to Child Care Subsidies

May 20, 2019 – Young Children, Families

A new analysis from CLASP explores how access to child care subsidies varies by state and race-ethnicity. The report finds that only 8 percent of potentially eligible children received subsidies in 2016, with especially high rates of access among black children (15 percent) and especially low rates among Asian children (3 percent). Access by state ranged from 15 percent in New Mexico to 3 percent in the District of Columbia (Maine was among 13 states excluded from the analysis due to data quality issues). The authors concluded that improving data collection and better understanding the causes of racial-ethnic stratification in access should be next steps.

Unsealed Fate: THE UNINTENDED CONSEQUENCES OF INADEQUATE SAFEGUARDING OF JUVENILE RECORDS IN MAINE

May 16, 2019 – Older Youth

Studies across the country are finding that limited safeguarding of juvenile records stemming from involvement in the juvenile justice system puts individuals at risk of facing collateral consequences, including difficulty obtaining employment and housing or serving in the military. This report explores the extent to which this issue is occurring in Maine by detailing what statutes say, what practices look like and what the implications are for individuals in Maine with a juvenile record. The goal of this report is to provide policy makers, the public and juvenile justice system practitioners with research about what those closest to the system understand about how records are handled and accessed, the impact of juvenile records and what improvements could be made that are consistent with the rehabilitative and public safety goals of the juvenile justice system in Maine.

Improving ACA Subsidies for Low- and Moderate-Income Consumers Is Key to Increasing Coverage

May 16, 2019 – Families

A new report from the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities (CBPP) posits that the key to increasing health insurance coverage is to expand subsidies offered through the Affordable Care Act. Although cost is the main barrier to coverage for uninsured populations, the majority of the uninsured have low incomes and are eligible for ACA marketplace options. CBPP suggests that costs of expanded subsidies could be met by scaling back the tax cuts from the 2017 Tax Cuts and Jobs Act.

Working Together for Children and Families: Findings from the National Descriptive Study of Early Head Start-Child Care Partnerships

May 16, 2019 – Young Children, Families

The Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation at the federal Administration for Children and Families published findings related to its Early Head Start-Child Care Partnerships grants, awarded in 2015. These grants aimed to connect the child development and family support services of Early Head Start with the flexibility and responsiveness of broader child care providers. The report found that partnerships were often between nonprofit, community organizations who were able to build on existing relationships and leverage funds from other sources to meet their community's needs. However, challenges around meeting Head Start Program Performance Standards, particularly around staff-child ratios and health and safety, caused about one-third of partnerships to end early. The study includes lessons on developing partnerships and supporting activities that improve the quality of service to infants, toddlers, and their families.