Resource Library

COVID-19 Update: The John T. Gorman Foundation is curating a list of resources, emerging best practices, and innovative ideas from across the country to help local organizations serve vulnerable Mainers during the coronavirus outbreak. To access those resources, visit or enter Covid-19 in the keyword search. Those results can be further focused by using the “Filter by” menu above to filter by population type (Young Children, Older Youth, Families, and Seniors) or by clicking the following links: childcare, education, food security, housing, rural areas, and workforce.

The John T. Gorman Foundation strives to be data-driven and results based and seeks to promote information and ideas that advance greater understanding of issues related to our mission and priorities. In our effort to promote these values, we offer these research and best practice resources collected from reputable sources across the country. The library also includes briefs and reports the Foundation has commissioned or supported, a listing of which can be found here.


Employment Experiences Among First Place-Involved Youth

July 13, 2019 – Older Youth

The following brief focuses on the employment experiences of youth experiencing homelessness or with prior experiences of homelessness in Portland, ME. It is the second brief that describes the life experiences of youth participating in Preble Street’s First Place program. The first brief examined the housing stability experiences of youth in the program. The Evaluation of the First Place Program examined the experiences of 35 youth who accessed the First Place program between 2015 and 2018. *JTGF-funded

Stanford University Poverty and Inequality Report

June 28, 2019 – Older Youth

The annual Poverty and Inequality Report from Stanford University’s Center on Poverty and Inequality was published, focusing this year on millennials. The report explores, among other things, economic factors, race and gender identities, health, and social life. Findings include that “millennials aren’t transitioning into the labor force as successfully as prior generations have” (4), due to both broad economic trends and specific labor market forces (e.g., the rise of the gig economy) that are coalescing to disproportionately affect millennials. The report concludes with a review of policies that are especially important to millennials, including preserving the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and expanding refundable tax credits.  

Future Savings The Economic Potential of Successful Transitions From Foster Care to Adulthood

June 10, 2019 – Older Youth

This report by the Annie E. Casey Foundation turns the lens on young people who age out of foster care and explores four areas — education, early parenthood, homelessness and incarceration — where they fare worse than their general population peers. Readers will learn the economic cost of this shortfall and see how targeted interventions can help these youth while also erasing billions of dollars in unnecessary costs.

Report: Does Supportive Housing Keep Families Together?

June 6, 2019 – Families, Young Children, Older Youth

In 2012, the Children’s Bureau in the US Department of Health and Human Services’ Administration for Children and Families funded Partnerships to Demonstrate the Effectiveness of Supportive Housing for Families in the Child Welfare System, a five-year, $25 million demonstration that provided supportive housing to families in the child welfare system, in five sites. The Urban Institute has completed a six-year cross-site evaluation, a mixed-methods randomized controlled trial that included 807 families. Research focused on answering the following: Does supportive housing improve access to services, keep families stably housed, help keep families together and reduce their time spent in the child welfare system, and improve the health and social and emotional well-being for parents and children?

Family Resilience And Connection Promote Flourishing Among US Children, Even Amid Adversity

May 24, 2019 – Young Children, Older Youth

A new article in Health Affairs explored the concept of "flourishing" among US children age 6-17, measured with indicators on curiosity, persistence, and regulating emotions. The authors found that 40 percent of US children are flourishing, and that across levels of adverse childhood experiences, household income, and special health care needs, children were more likely flourish when levels of family resilience and connection were high. The article also estimates prevalence of flourishing for each state, finding that Maine's rate (35.7 percent) was significantly lower than nationwide.

Losing Our Minds: Brain Drain across the United States

May 24, 2019 – Older Youth

The Joint Economic Committee of the United States Congress has published a report on "brain drain" across the nation. For Maine specifically, the report finds that more highly-educated Mainers leave the state than stay behind, meaning that the state is experiencing gross brain drain, but at a lower rate than the rest of Northern New England. Maine fares better than New Hampshire and Vermont on net brain drain too: more highly educated adults are entering the state than are leaving it. Taken together, this means Maine is disproportionately losing the best-educated adults born in-state [but managing] to replace those leavers with better-educated entrants.


May 16, 2019 – Older Youth

Studies across the country are finding that limited safeguarding of juvenile records stemming from involvement in the juvenile justice system puts individuals at risk of facing collateral consequences, including difficulty obtaining employment and housing or serving in the military. This report explores the extent to which this issue is occurring in Maine by detailing what statutes say, what practices look like and what the implications are for individuals in Maine with a juvenile record. The goal of this report is to provide policy makers, the public and juvenile justice system practitioners with research about what those closest to the system understand about how records are handled and accessed, the impact of juvenile records and what improvements could be made that are consistent with the rehabilitative and public safety goals of the juvenile justice system in Maine. The John T. Gorman Foundation provided funding for this report. *JTGF-funded

Is Maternal Income in Childhood Associated With Adolescent Health and Behavioral Outcomes?

May 16, 2019 – Older Youth, Families, Young Children

An article published in the Journal of Family Issues explores associations between maternal income during childhood and later adolescent health and behavioral outcomes. The authors find that net of other family income and demographic measures, higher maternal income in early childhood--that is, between 6 months of age and first grades--is associated with fewer adolescent problem behaviors at age 15, but not with changes in health outcomes. Maternal income in later childhood (Grade 3 through age 15) was not associated with either behavioral or health outcomes. The authors suggest that "investments in children between birth and first grade might be especially beneficial for reducing problem behaviors."

Young Adults in the Parental Home, 2007-2018

May 16, 2019 – Older Youth

New research from the National Center for Family & Marriage Research shows the share of young adults (18-34) living in a parent's home has increased by more than one quarter since 2007. While the share of 18- to 24-year-olds living with a parent peaked in 2012, the share among older young adults (25-29 and 30-34) has continued to rise.

Research-Based Instruments for Measuring Students' Soft Skills

May 16, 2019 – Older Youth

The Research Educational Laboratory Mid-Atlantic at Mathematica Policy Research has published a new factsheet detailing evidence-based instruments that can be used to measure students' soft skills. These skills (e.g., self-management, relationship skills) have been identified by educators and business leaders as key for students' success in college or in the workforce. This toolkit of measures can be used by educators or others to identify youth strengths and weaknesses with the goal of improving long term outcomes.

Positive Outcomes in Maine's Juvenile Justice System

May 7, 2019 – Older Youth

This report details the findings of positive youth outcomes as reported the exit reviews for the 174 youth leaving supervision of the Maine juvenile justice system between July 2017 and June 2018. Tracking positive youth outcomes for youth who pass through Maine's justice system creates a more complete profile, beyond recidivism measures, of the resiliency and potential of this population. It also serves to highlight areas of strength where the system intervention is helping youth succeed, and point to areas where the system could offer youth more or different supports to facilitate their development in positive tracks.

Youth Recidivism Diversion to Discharge in Maine's Juvenile Justice System

May 7, 2019 – Older Youth

For nearly two decades, Maine has used data to track, analyze, and report on youth involved in the juvenile justice system.  The goal of this research is to help assess the success of responses to system-involved youth by identifying which youth return to the justice system; to inform risk reduction efforts to benefit public safety; and to ensure that all Maine youth experience a fair, equitable, and responsive juvenile justice system that contributes to positive youth outcomes.