Resource Library

COVID-19 Update: The John T. Gorman Foundation is curating a list of resources, emerging best practices, and innovative ideas from across the country to help local organizations serve vulnerable Mainers during the coronavirus outbreak. To access those resources, visit or enter Covid-19 in the keyword search. Those results can be further focused by using the “Filter by” menu above to filter by population type (Young Children, Older Youth, Families, and Seniors) or by clicking the following links: childcare, education, food security, housing, rural areas, and workforce.

The John T. Gorman Foundation strives to be data-driven and results based and seeks to promote information and ideas that advance greater understanding of issues related to our mission and priorities. In our effort to promote these values, we offer these research and best practice resources collected from reputable sources across the country. The library also includes briefs and reports the Foundation has commissioned or supported, a listing of which can be found here.


Closing the Medicaid coverage gap would narrow racial disparities

June 14, 2021 – Families

Researchers at the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities (CBPP) analyzed the potential impact of closing the Medicaid coverage gap for the 2.2 million uninsured adults living in one of the 12 states that have not adopted Medicaid expansion. Those caught in the coverage gap have incomes that, despite being below the poverty line, are both too low for subsidized coverage in Affordable Care Act (ACA) marketplaces and yet too high to qualify for Medicaid in their state. The authors estimate that in 2019, more than half (around 60 percent) of the adults in the coverage gap were people of color and one third were parents with children at home. Creating a federal fallback to expand Medicaid coverage to those in this gap would improve financial security and the health of adults and children. Given the disproportionate share of people of color in the coverage gap, this represents an opportunity to begin to narrow long-standing racial disparities. #racialequity #health

U.S. Census Bureau describes living arrangements of young parents

June 14, 2021 – Older Youth, Families

According to the U.S. Census Bureau’s 2018 Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP), about half of young parents (ages 15-22) lived with their spouse or unmarried partner. While 22.7 percent of young parents live with a spouse, 30.2 percent live with an unmarried partner and the other half report living with no spouse or partner present (47.1 percent). The author notes that this follows the larger trend among young adults to live with an unmarried partner rather than marry and/or to marry later (median age at first marriage is about 30). Two-in-five young parents live with one or both of their own parents, although this rises to three-in-five among young solo parents. Living arrangements also varied by sex, with young fathers less likely to live with any of their children than young mothers (56.5 percent compared to 85.6 percent). #housing

Analysis of multigenerational data shine further light on the widening of the Black-white poverty gap over time

June 10, 2021 – Families

Findings from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID) reveal disproportionate multigenerational poverty among Black families compared to white families. When poverty is defined as the bottom fifth of earners, Black Americans make up 44 percent of poor adults in their 30s. The persistence of Black multigenerational poverty can be attributed to deeper poverty rates among Black Americans to begin with, white mobility outpacing Black mobility, and to faster rates of Black downward economic mobility. Differences in these starting points are clear: 9 percent of white adults today had a grandparent in the bottom fifth of income, compared to 59 percent of Black adults. #wealthandassets #racialequity

Study highlights connection between incarceration and racial disparities in COVID-19 cases

June 9, 2021 – Families

A study on COVID-19 data from the Cook County Jail in Chicago found cases from the facility accounted for 13 percent of the city’s COVID-19 cases and 21 percent of COVID’s racial disparities in Chicago. The authors suggest incarceration should be considered in the list of markers of disadvantage driving racial disparities in infection and death. #covid-19 #racialequity

The number of home-based early care and education providers decreased from 2012 to 2019

June 9, 2021 – Families, Young Children

The Administration for Children and Families’ Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation (OPRE) recently released a chartbook with findings from the 2012 and 2019 National Survey of Early Care and Education. These data allow for a nationally representative look at listed, unlisted paid, and unlisted unpaid homebased early care and education providers in the United States. A main finding includes that the number of providers nationwide decreased from 2012 to 2019. This decline was driven in part by a 25 percent drop in the number of listed home-based providers over this period. #childcare #education

Two policy opportunities to improve the re-entry system for returning citizens

June 8, 2021 – Families

The Center for Budget and Policy Priorities notes that the American Jobs Plan and American Families Plan each offer policy opportunities to support incarcerated people’s re-entry into communities. Given the substantial evidence that re-entry is complicated by insufficient supports, legal barriers, and discrimination, these policies offer a chance to improve those support systems and reduce risks of re-incarceration. #covid-19 #racialequity #foodsecurity #workforce

Vermont continues efforts to lure movers and support the unemployed

June 2, 2021 – Families

To support workforce development, Vermont Governor Phil Scott has extended 2018 legislation offering financial incentives for workers to move to Vermont; also included in the legislation was an increase to state unemployment benefits. The efforts are funded by an increase to unemployment insurance tax on businesses expected to bring $100 million in revenue over the next few years. #covid-19 #workforce

Pandemic-related stress felt by moms can trickle down to their kids

May 27, 2021 – Families, Young Children

Data from the Rapid Assessment of Pandemic Impact on Development – Early Childhood revealed that widespread job loss and increased emotional strain has impacted mothers and young children. On top of job loss, mothers have experienced higher levels of anxiety, depression, stress, and loneliness that has influenced their children’s levels of emotional distress, leading to anxiety, fear, and worry among young children. All of this has been compounded by caregivers having a lower capacity to reduce their children’s stress levels or protect them from distress. Despite these findings, unemployed mothers were still able to care for children with the help of aid, such as unemployment insurance and stimulus payments. #covid-19 #workforce #racialequity #mentalhealth

Food insecurity fell nearly 30 percent between spring 2020 and 2021

May 26, 2021 – Families

By April 2021, about 1 in 7 U.S. adults reported experiencing food insecurity, down from over 1 in 5 during the first few weeks of the pandemic. Despite this promising data, food insecurity remains high for adults identifying as Hispanic or Latinx, with over 1 in 4 adults reporting food insecurity. In contrast, the rate of food insecurity among white adults declined more than any other racial group. Urban Institute authors suggest the decrease in unemployment, expansion of SNAP benefits, broader access to school meal programs for children, and increased ease of accessing all qualifying benefits for families may have played a role in increasing resources for food, while stimulus checks and other pandemic aid also helped families meet their basic needs. #covid-19 #foodsecurity

How COVID Relief Funds Can Support Head Start Parents

May 26, 2021 – Families, Young Children

A Spotlight Exclusive suggests the time is right for Head Start to focus on parents’ economic mobility with “equal intensity” as it directs toward its child development goals. The authors suggest that specialized staff training can increase staff comfort with setting goals relevant to parent mobility, instead of just child development. Pointing to evidence-based workforce development programs, the authors note that intensive education and career service options for parents should be sustained and intensive. They also acknowledge that weaving these offerings more strongly into existing Head Start settings will be difficult but suggest recent federal investments in Head Start provide unprecedented opportunities to support truly two-generation outcomes. #education #workforce #2-Gen

Low-income immigrant families continue to avoid safety net programs in 2020 despite severe pandemic-related impacts

May 26, 2021 – Families

The Urban Institute conducted their Well-Being and Basic Needs Survey in December 2020 to evaluate the economic impact of the pandemic on lowincome families with different citizenship statuses. They split their sample into three categories: adults in families with naturalized citizens, adults in families with green card holders, and adults in families with nonpermanent residents. The findings revealed many low-income immigrant families reported loss of employment, food insecurity, and difficulty paying expenses. More than half were worried about affording their basic needs for the month. Yet amid this hardship, more than 25 percent of families did not seek government benefits for fear that it would jeopardize their immigration status or that they would be ineligible under the “public charge” rule. To address this disparity, the Urban Institute recommends that federal, state, and local organizations clarify communication around the public charge rule and other eligibility requirements, and that agencies and policymakers address administrate and logistical barriers to accessing benefits (e.g., language barriers). #covid-19 #racialequity #foodsecurity

Households receiving government benefits have 2% of the wealth, 89% the debt of counterparts without benefits

May 25, 2021 – Families

The Census Bureau reports on the 2017 wave of its Survey of Income and Program Participation, assessing wealth and debt among low-income households. The report quantifies median wealth of households participating in means-tested government benefit programs versus their counterparts without benefits, finding a massive gap between the two. Even excluding home equity, those receiving benefits reported median wealth of $1,835 compared with $74,530 among those without benefits: a 97 percent gap. Alarmingly, despite less wealth and fewer assets, levels of unsecured debt were relatively similar between the groups, at $8,000 in the group with benefits and $9,000 in the group without. Given low wealth and high debt, financial mobility is especially challenging among low income families, even before the added financial strains of the pandemic. #wealth&assets