Resource Library

The John T. Gorman Foundation strives to be data-driven and results based and seeks to promote information and ideas that advance greater understanding of issues related to our mission and priorities. In our effort to promote these values, we offer these research and best practice resources.

We invite you to check back often, as this list is regularly updated.


Born to Win, Schooled to Lose

August 5, 2019 – Older Youth, Young Children

New research from the Georgetown Center on Education and the Workforce finds evidence that children are sorted into adulthood socio-economic status groups according to their affluence in childhood, not their merit (i.e., test scores). The report finds, among other insights, that “the highest-SES students with bottom-half math scores are more likely to complete college degrees than the lowest-SES students with top-half math scores.” The authors recommend continuing academic interventions beyond just early childhood education and providing nonacademic supports for high schoolers to improve their transition to adulthood.

K-12 EDUCATION: Certain Groups of Students Attend Alternative Schools in Greater Proportions Than They Do Other Schools

August 5, 2019 – Older Youth

A new report from the Government Accountability Office documents overrepresentation of Black boys and boys with disabilities in alternative schools— that is, schools with a disciplinary or at-risk focus—compared to their share in the broader educational landscape. These children are especially overrepresented at schools with an explicit disciplinary focus. As children in alternative schools are among the most vulnerable, and because these schools are less likely to have critical support staff (social workers, nurses, and counselors), the report elevates the role of student-experienced trauma in shaping children’s educational outcomes. Finally, state-level data in the report suggest that just 0.11% of Maine’s school population is enrolled in alternative schools, compared with 0.95% nationwide.

ProPelled: The Effects of Grants on Graduation, Earnings, and Welfare

August 5, 2019 – Older Youth

A new article in the American Economic Journal-Applied Economics explores the effects of Pell Grants on enrollment, college completion, and later earnings for low-income students. Using administrative data from Texas public colleges, the authors find that eligibility for more Pell Grant assistance increases new students’ degree completion and later earnings. Importantly, enrollment effects were strongest for first-time students and students enrolling in community college. Graduation and earnings effects were also strongest for first-time students, still in effect seven years after grant receipt. The authors conclude that the benefits of additional aid to low-income students provides a significant return on investment through financial gains to the public over time.

All school and no work becoming the norm for American teens

July 19, 2019 – Older Youth

The Hamilton Project at the Brookings Institution finds that the declining labor force participation (LFP) rates of 16-64-year-olds since 2000 is considerably influenced by the declining share of teenagers (16-19) who work during the school year. The report finds that if teenagers had participated in the labor force at their 2000 rates, the overall LFP rate among 16-64-year-olds would be 1.3 percentage points higher. The authors documented significant increases in the share of teens who do not participate in the labor force specifically because they are students, including during the summer.

Stanford University Poverty and Inequality Report

June 28, 2019 – Older Youth

The annual Poverty and Inequality Report from Stanford University’s Center on Poverty and Inequality was published, focusing this year on millennials. The report explores, among other things, economic factors, race and gender identities, health, and social life. Findings include that “millennials aren’t transitioning into the labor force as successfully as prior generations have” (4), due to both broad economic trends and specific labor market forces (e.g., the rise of the gig economy) that are coalescing to disproportionately affect millennials. The report concludes with a review of policies that are especially important to millennials, including preserving the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and expanding refundable tax credits.  

Future Savings The Economic Potential of Successful Transitions From Foster Care to Adulthood

June 10, 2019 – Older Youth

This report by the Annie E. Casey Foundation turns the lens on young people who age out of foster care and explores four areas — education, early parenthood, homelessness and incarceration — where they fare worse than their general population peers. Readers will learn the economic cost of this shortfall and see how targeted interventions can help these youth while also erasing billions of dollars in unnecessary costs.

Report: Does Supportive Housing Keep Families Together?

June 6, 2019 – Families, Young Children, Older Youth

In 2012, the Children’s Bureau in the US Department of Health and Human Services’ Administration for Children and Families funded Partnerships to Demonstrate the Effectiveness of Supportive Housing for Families in the Child Welfare System, a five-year, $25 million demonstration that provided supportive housing to families in the child welfare system, in five sites. The Urban Institute has completed a six-year cross-site evaluation, a mixed-methods randomized controlled trial that included 807 families. Research focused on answering the following: Does supportive housing improve access to services, keep families stably housed, help keep families together and reduce their time spent in the child welfare system, and improve the health and social and emotional well-being for parents and children?

Family Resilience And Connection Promote Flourishing Among US Children, Even Amid Adversity

May 24, 2019 – Young Children, Older Youth

A new article in Health Affairs explored the concept of "flourishing" among US children age 6-17, measured with indicators on curiosity, persistence, and regulating emotions. The authors found that 40 percent of US children are flourishing, and that across levels of adverse childhood experiences, household income, and special health care needs, children were more likely flourish when levels of family resilience and connection were high. The article also estimates prevalence of flourishing for each state, finding that Maine's rate (35.7 percent) was significantly lower than nationwide.

Losing Our Minds: Brain Drain across the United States

May 24, 2019 – Older Youth

The Joint Economic Committee of the United States Congress has published a report on "brain drain" across the nation. For Maine specifically, the report finds that more highly-educated Mainers leave the state than stay behind, meaning that the state is experiencing gross brain drain, but at a lower rate than the rest of Northern New England. Maine fares better than New Hampshire and Vermont on net brain drain too: more highly educated adults are entering the state than are leaving it. Taken together, this means Maine is disproportionately losing the best-educated adults born in-state [but managing] to replace those leavers with better-educated entrants.


May 16, 2019 – Older Youth

Studies across the country are finding that limited safeguarding of juvenile records stemming from involvement in the juvenile justice system puts individuals at risk of facing collateral consequences, including difficulty obtaining employment and housing or serving in the military. This report explores the extent to which this issue is occurring in Maine by detailing what statutes say, what practices look like and what the implications are for individuals in Maine with a juvenile record. The goal of this report is to provide policy makers, the public and juvenile justice system practitioners with research about what those closest to the system understand about how records are handled and accessed, the impact of juvenile records and what improvements could be made that are consistent with the rehabilitative and public safety goals of the juvenile justice system in Maine.

Is Maternal Income in Childhood Associated With Adolescent Health and Behavioral Outcomes?

May 16, 2019 – Older Youth, Families, Young Children

An article published in the Journal of Family Issues explores associations between maternal income during childhood and later adolescent health and behavioral outcomes. The authors find that net of other family income and demographic measures, higher maternal income in early childhood--that is, between 6 months of age and first grades--is associated with fewer adolescent problem behaviors at age 15, but not with changes in health outcomes. Maternal income in later childhood (Grade 3 through age 15) was not associated with either behavioral or health outcomes. The authors suggest that "investments in children between birth and first grade might be especially beneficial for reducing problem behaviors."

Young Adults in the Parental Home, 2007-2018

May 16, 2019 – Older Youth

New research from the National Center for Family & Marriage Research shows the share of young adults (18-34) living in a parent's home has increased by more than one quarter since 2007. While the share of 18- to 24-year-olds living with a parent peaked in 2012, the share among older young adults (25-29 and 30-34) has continued to rise.