The John T. Gorman Foundation strives to be data-driven and results based and seeks to promote information and ideas that advance greater understanding of issues related to our mission and priorities. In our effort to promote these values, we offer these research and best practice resources.
We invite you to check back often, as this list is regularly updated.
Born to Win, Schooled to Lose
K-12 EDUCATION: Certain Groups of Students Attend Alternative Schools in Greater Proportions Than They Do Other Schools
August 5, 2019 – Older YouthA new report from the Government Accountability Office documents overrepresentation of Black boys and boys with disabilities in alternative schools— that is, schools with a disciplinary or at-risk focus—compared to their share in the broader educational landscape. These children are especially overrepresented at schools with an explicit disciplinary focus. As children in alternative schools are among the most vulnerable, and because these schools are less likely to have critical support staff (social workers, nurses, and counselors), the report elevates the role of student-experienced trauma in shaping children’s educational outcomes. Finally, state-level data in the report suggest that just 0.11% of Maine’s school population is enrolled in alternative schools, compared with 0.95% nationwide.
ProPelled: The Effects of Grants on Graduation, Earnings, and Welfare
August 5, 2019 – Older YouthA new article in the American Economic Journal-Applied Economics explores the effects of Pell Grants on enrollment, college completion, and later earnings for low-income students. Using administrative data from Texas public colleges, the authors find that eligibility for more Pell Grant assistance increases new students’ degree completion and later earnings. Importantly, enrollment effects were strongest for first-time students and students enrolling in community college. Graduation and earnings effects were also strongest for first-time students, still in effect seven years after grant receipt. The authors conclude that the benefits of additional aid to low-income students provides a significant return on investment through financial gains to the public over time.
All school and no work becoming the norm for American teens
July 19, 2019 – Older YouthThe Hamilton Project at the Brookings Institution finds that the declining labor force participation (LFP) rates of 16-64-year-olds since 2000 is considerably influenced by the declining share of teenagers (16-19) who work during the school year. The report finds that if teenagers had participated in the labor force at their 2000 rates, the overall LFP rate among 16-64-year-olds would be 1.3 percentage points higher. The authors documented significant increases in the share of teens who do not participate in the labor force specifically because they are students, including during the summer.
Stanford University Poverty and Inequality Report
June 28, 2019 – Older YouthThe annual Poverty and Inequality Report from Stanford University’s Center on Poverty and Inequality was published, focusing this year on millennials. The report explores, among other things, economic factors, race and gender identities, health, and social life. Findings include that “millennials aren’t transitioning into the labor force as successfully as prior generations have” (4), due to both broad economic trends and specific labor market forces (e.g., the rise of the gig economy) that are coalescing to disproportionately affect millennials. The report concludes with a review of policies that are especially important to millennials, including preserving the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and expanding refundable tax credits.
Future Savings The Economic Potential of Successful Transitions From Foster Care to Adulthood
June 10, 2019 – Older YouthThis report by the Annie E. Casey Foundation turns the lens on young people who age out of foster care and explores four areas — education, early parenthood, homelessness and incarceration — where they fare worse than their general population peers. Readers will learn the economic cost of this shortfall and see how targeted interventions can help these youth while also erasing billions of dollars in unnecessary costs.
Report: Does Supportive Housing Keep Families Together?
Family Resilience And Connection Promote Flourishing Among US Children, Even Amid Adversity
Losing Our Minds: Brain Drain across the United States
May 24, 2019 – Older YouthThe Joint Economic Committee of the United States Congress has published a report on "brain drain" across the nation. For Maine specifically, the report finds that more highly-educated Mainers leave the state than stay behind, meaning that the state is experiencing gross brain drain, but at a lower rate than the rest of Northern New England. Maine fares better than New Hampshire and Vermont on net brain drain too: more highly educated adults are entering the state than are leaving it. Taken together, this means Maine is disproportionately losing the best-educated adults born in-state [but managing] to replace those leavers with better-educated entrants.
Unsealed Fate: THE UNINTENDED CONSEQUENCES OF INADEQUATE SAFEGUARDING OF JUVENILE RECORDS IN MAINE
May 16, 2019 – Older YouthStudies across the country are finding that limited safeguarding of juvenile records stemming from involvement in the juvenile justice system puts individuals at risk of facing collateral consequences, including difficulty obtaining employment and housing or serving in the military. This report explores the extent to which this issue is occurring in Maine by detailing what statutes say, what practices look like and what the implications are for individuals in Maine with a juvenile record. The goal of this report is to provide policy makers, the public and juvenile justice system practitioners with research about what those closest to the system understand about how records are handled and accessed, the impact of juvenile records and what improvements could be made that are consistent with the rehabilitative and public safety goals of the juvenile justice system in Maine.
Is Maternal Income in Childhood Associated With Adolescent Health and Behavioral Outcomes?
Young Adults in the Parental Home, 2007-2018
May 16, 2019 – Older YouthNew research from the National Center for Family & Marriage Research shows the share of young adults (18-34) living in a parent's home has increased by more than one quarter since 2007. While the share of 18- to 24-year-olds living with a parent peaked in 2012, the share among older young adults (25-29 and 30-34) has continued to rise.