|COVID-19 Update: The John T. Gorman Foundation is curating a list of resources, emerging best practices, and innovative ideas from across the country to help local organizations serve vulnerable Mainers during the coronavirus outbreak. To access those resources, visit www.jtgfoundation.org/resources/covid-19 or enter Covid-19 in the keyword search. Those results can be further focused by using the “Filter by” menu above to filter by population type (Young Children, Older Youth, Families, and Seniors) or by clicking the following links: childcare, education, food security, housing, rural areas, and workforce.|
The John T. Gorman Foundation strives to be data-driven and results based and seeks to promote information and ideas that advance greater understanding of issues related to our mission and priorities. In our effort to promote these values, we offer these research and best practice resources collected from reputable sources across the country. The library also includes briefs and reports the Foundation has commissioned or supported, a listing of which can be found here.
Students, particularly students of color, are falling behind in school
New Hampshire public school enrollment decreased in the 2020-2021 school year
Playspace equity is an area ripe for rural philanthropy, nonprofits
November 20, 2020 – Young ChildrenNeighborhood playgrounds are community assets that promote health and wellbeing as well as connection between residents. Rural areas can face barriers to playspaces such as physical distance and a limited local tax base. Given constraints on local governments, philanthropies and nonprofits have been successful in stepping in to create playspaces. For example, the nonprofit KABOOM! has engaged with communities over the last two decades to expand playspace access for around 11 million children. #rural
New Hampshire reports spike in number of children awaiting psychiatric services
For early childhood educators, financial support is key to facilitating participation in professional development
November 4, 2020 – Young ChildrenNew research explores the facilitators and barriers to participation in professional development opportunities by early care and education professionals. The majority of center-based (88 percent) and home-based (80 percent) teachers and caregivers reported having participated in a professional development workshop in the past year. However, much smaller shares (around one-third) had taken college courses or participated in coaching. Receiving financial support was the factor most consistently associated with participating in professional development for both center-based and home-based workers. States can encourage participation in professional development by increasing financial support and facilitating access to free or low-cost training opportunities. #education #childcare
Childhood exposure to the EITC associated with better health in young adulthood
Most federal spending on children in 2019 came from tax provisions and health programs
October 9, 2020 – Young ChildrenA new fact sheet from the Urban Institute details federal government spending on children in 2019. The program benefiting children with the highest federal expenditures was the Child Tax Credit at $118 billion in 2019. Although tax provisions are typically associated with adults, authors find that 40 percent of all federal spending on children was from tax provisions. Besides the Child Tax Credit, other key tax provisions that benefit children include the Earned Income Tax Credit (at $59 billion) and the tax exclusion for employer-sponsored insurance (at $24 billion). The program with the second-highest federal expenditures on children in 2019 was Medicaid at $98 billion. Other health programs were also sources of significant spending on kids, including the Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP) at $17 billion.
Poverty-related health inequities found in children as young as five
October 9, 2020 – Young ChildrenResearch forthcoming in Health Affairs identifies developmental disparities by income and race/ethnicity as early as kindergarten. Researchers trained kindergarten teachers to administer a developmental screening tool in 98 school districts across the nation, collecting data on 183,717 children between 2010 and 2017. Results indicate that lower neighborhood income is distinctly linked with vulnerabilities in children’s health development, and that disparities are further stratified by children’s race/ethnicity. Black children had the highest rates of vulnerabilities, followed by Hispanic and Latinx children, with Asian children having the lowest level of vulnerability. Authors emphasize the importance of achieving health parity in early childhood before disparities calcify into lifelong trajectories of unequal wellbeing. #racialequity
Even short poverty spells are related to lower extracurricular involvement for children
September 23, 2020 – Young ChildrenThe Census Bureau reports new findings from the longitudinal Survey on Income and Program Participation (SIPP), finding that even short spells of poverty are linked with lower participation in extracurricular activities like sports or music among school-age children (6 to 17). Using three measures of extra-curricular participation—in a gifted program, in sports, or in lessons like music or dance—the author finds the most consistent differences in sports and lesson involvement. Children who were poor even part of the year were less likely to participate in these two types of activities than those who were never poor. Children who were always poor were less likely to be in a gifted program, but those who were intermittently poor participated at rates similar to higher income children. This suggests that there may be cost-related access barriers to sports and music that are less intensive for gifted programs, which may be offered most often at no cost via public education setting. #education