Resource Library

COVID-19 Update: The John T. Gorman Foundation is curating a list of resources, emerging best practices, and innovative ideas from across the country to help local organizations serve vulnerable Mainers during the coronavirus outbreak. To access those resources, visit www.jtgfoundation.org/resources/covid-19 or enter Covid-19 in the keyword search. Those results can be further focused by using the “Filter by” menu above to filter by population type (Young Children, Older Youth, Families, and Seniors) or by clicking the following links: childcare, education, food security, housing, rural areas, and workforce.

The John T. Gorman Foundation strives to be data-driven and results based and seeks to promote information and ideas that advance greater understanding of issues related to our mission and priorities. In our effort to promote these values, we offer these research and best practice resources collected from reputable sources across the country. The library also includes briefs and reports the Foundation has commissioned or supported, a listing of which can be found here.

 

What does capping child care co-pays look like in each state?

August 18, 2021 – Families, Young ChildrenChildcare, COVID-19, Racial Equity

A new resource published by CLASP provides a state-by-state analysis of the Child Care for Working Families Act’s sliding scale co-payment proposal. The act would cap out-of-pocket child care costs for families earning less than 150 percent of their state’s median income with co-pays varying across four levels. For instance, families earning less than 75 percent of median income would have zero co-pay, while families earning 125-150 percent would pay between 4 and 7 percent of their income. For Maine, this translates to free child care for families earning less than $61,888, and a maximum co-payment of $8,820 for Maine families earning up to $126,003. #covid-19 #childcare #racialequity

Supporting immigrant children and families is critical in rebuilding the child care system and overall economy

August 11, 2021 – Families, Young ChildrenChildcare, COVID-19, Mental Health, Racial Equity

CLASP recently published a brief outlining how immigrant providers and families can utilize the two child care funding streams made available in the American Rescue Plan Act: $24 billion in stabilization grants and another $15 billion for child care assistance through the Child Care and Development Block Grant (CCDBG). Because immigrant families are a significant share of the nation’s families with children, and because immigrant workers comprise a substantial slice of child care providers, CLASP argues that excluding immigrant needs from planning processes risks leaving significant numbers of families and children behind. CLASP recommends that state agencies conduct outreach in immigrant communities to inform them about their eligibility for relief and to reduce fear and misunderstanding, support mental health services for immigrant workers and families, use funds to improve and coordinate state data systems, and be sure to bring the voices of immigrant communities into the decision-making process. #covid-19 #childcare #mentalhealth #racialequity

Findings from a partnership to support Detroit’s informal child care providers

August 10, 2021 – Families, Young ChildrenChildcare, Workforce

A new brief from Mathematica details findings from their recent partnership with the W.K. Kellogg Foundation and three community serving organizations in Detroit. As part of the Foundation’s work to increase access to ECE among Detroit families, this partnership offered child development knowledge and skills programming to 70 informal child care providers in Detroit (all women; 80 percent were Latinx or Hispanic), evaluating the successes and strengths of providers and of the collaborative learning model along the way. Mathematica found that the community-led and community-based forums translated to gains in providers’ child development knowledge and skills, and that the offerings both professionalized and facilitated connections among these providers who previously had not focused on their child development contributions to the community. The work concludes with recommendations for those seeking to partner with informal care providers under collaborative models in other settings. #childcare #workforce

Family risk and low-income fathers’ engagement with children

August 5, 2021 – Families, Young ChildrenTwo-Gen

A new paper published in the Journal of Family Issues uses the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing dataset to examine whether fathers experiencing individual and family risk (e.g., drug and alcohol abuse, incarceration, unemployment) in their children’s first few years of life were less likely to be engaged with those children at age 9. Findings suggest that establishing early patterns of engagement is important for low-income fathers and that early and consistent supports to reduce fathers’ risk levels can support the maintenance of paternal engagement through childhood.

Supporting the ECE workforce through COVID-19 relief mechanisms

August 3, 2021 – Families, Young ChildrenChildcare, COVID-19, Racial Equity, Workforce

The COVID-19 pandemic’s dramatic impact on the Early Childhood Education (ECE) workforce and subsequent funds made available through the American Rescue Plan Act have created an opportunity to build ECE workforce capacity and create evidence-based improvements to the system. The Urban Institute’s Young Scholars program identified several opportunities within the ECE system, including recognizing the critical supportive role of Head Start assistant teachers, who are more likely than lead teachers to speak their students’ languages; recognizing the stressors early educators face—particularly educators of color—and addressing those challenges with greater socioemotional and mental health supports; and providing pre-service kindergarten and first grade teachers with supports to address absenteeism among students. The piece highlights the specific funding streams that may be used to address these areas. #covid-19 #childcare #workforce #racialequity

No Child Left Offline: It’s time to prioritize digital equity in America’s public schools

August 2, 2021 – Young Children, Older YouthCOVID-19, Education, Mental Health, Racial Equity

The pandemic’s impact on K-12 students has yet to be fully realized, but schools are bracing for learning losses, mental health challenges, and vast systemic and educational disparities revealed from the switch to remote learning. More than 9 million students did not have access to broadband service or an internet-enabled device at the beginning of the pandemic, having no choice but to miss online school. And because the virus has disproportionately impacted communities of color, students of color have been disproportionately learning remotely. To promote digital equity in education, Brookings scholars propose a “No Child Left Offline” initiative. #covid-19 #education #racialequity #mentalhealth

Illinois announces $200 Million investment for early childhood workers

July 29, 2021 – Families, Young ChildrenChildcare, COVID-19, Racial Equity, Workforce

Illinois recently passed into law HB 2878, which uses $200 million in federal funds to provide training, mentorship programs, and scholarships for child care workers to pursue further education over the next two years. The bill also establishes a statewide early childhood education consortium to improve access and direct funding. #covid-19 #childcare #workforce #racialequity

How to stabilize infant and toddler care with pandemic relief funds

July 27, 2021 – Families, Young ChildrenChildcare, COVID-19, Workforce

A new fieldnote published by the Federal Reserve Bank of Boston describes possibilities for using funds from the Child Care Stabilization portion of the American Rescue Plan Act to stabilize infant and toddler care. One option includes issuing grants to child care providers that could subsidize the operational cost of infant/toddler care to align the price with that of care for older children. Another option is creating grants to serve as incentives for attracting infant/toddler-serving professionals by offsetting the wage penalty typically present in that sector, in hopes of growing and stabilizing the workforce. Finally, the note suggests increasing child care subsidy rates beyond the 75th percentile of market rates for infant and toddler slots. #covid-19 #childcare #workforce

California child care workers union enters contract

July 23, 2021 – Families, Young ChildrenChildcare, COVID-19, Racial Equity, Workforce

California Governor Gavin Newsom has ratified a contract with Child Care Providers United, a first-of-its-kind child care labor union covering 40,000 California child care providers—largely women and often women of color—who provide subsidized child care across the state. The union is working to advocate for higher subsidy rates, more and better training, and a higher number of subsidized slots to address substantial gap between eligibility and uptake of fulltime subsidized care across the state. #covid-19 #childcare #workforce #racialequity

Subsidizing child care costs would reduce poverty and enhance equity among New England families

July 21, 2021 – Families, Young ChildrenChildcare, Racial Equity, Workforce

New research from the Federal Reserve Bank of Boston and the Carsey School of Public Policy explores how proposed policies to cap child care expenses based on family income would affect poverty rates among New England families. Using the Supplemental Poverty Measure, the brief finds that such a policy could reduce poverty among New Englanders with child care costs by 40 percent; with the largest absolute declines for Black and Hispanic New Englanders, this would result in a substantial shrinkage of the racial-ethnic poverty gap. The effects of such a policy are not limited to the lowest income families either though: 9.5 percent of near poor New Englanders in families with child care costs would be lifted above twice the poverty line by such a policy. Although implementation would require careful planning, benefits would likely extend beyond poverty reductions, with families better able to participate in the labor force or access higher-quality care for their children. #racialequity #childcare #NewEngland #workforce

Early evidence suggests four-day school weeks don’t meet all their aims

July 12, 2021 – Young Children, Older YouthCOVID-19, Education, Rural

Four-day school weeks have become increasingly common in rural places, with 662 districts in 24 states using this model pre-pandemic. To ease remote learning implementation and reduce costs, the COVID-19 pandemic increased adoption of this model both in and out of rural areas, with the aim of reducing budgetary issues, attracting teachers, and improving student attendance. While there is some evidence that teachers view the model as a benefit, there are minimal budgetary savings or attendance improvements. Little evidence exists on the implications for student achievement, but early data from Oklahoma and Oregon suggests outcomes depends on how learning time is structured. One major downside to a four-day school week is in reduced access to school-based services, like childcare, physical activity, and school-meal programs that students and families rely on during the typical work-week. #covid-19 #education #rural

Nurse home visiting program reduces child maltreatment and emergency care usage

July 7, 2021 – Families, Young ChildrenChild Welfare, Health

Newly published results from a randomized clinical trial find that participation in a postpartum nurse home visiting program reduces child maltreatment investigations and child emergency medical care usage each by one-third by age five. For 18 months beginning in July 2009, all children born in Durham County, North Carolina were randomly assigned to participate in the Family Connects program (2,327 children) or to receive treatment as usual (2,440 children). Program participation included 1-3 visits in children’s first month of life to identify family service needs, followed by connection to an “aligned” set of community services specific to their identified needs. Program duration was short, concluding by four weeks postpartum. A subset of 531 families were selected for evaluation purposes at five years out, with outcomes determined via state administrative child welfare records and hospital billing data. The reduction in child maltreatment investigations and child emergency medical care usage persisted across all study subgroups, regardless of presence of infant medical risks at birth, insurance status, single parent household status, parent race ethnicity, birthweight, and child sex. The authors conclude that the high-quality delivery and broad reach drove effectiveness, while the brevity of the program supports its efficiency and replicability. #childwelfare #health