Resource Library

The John T. Gorman Foundation strives to be data-driven and results based and seeks to promote information and ideas that advance greater understanding of issues related to our mission and priorities. In our effort to promote these values, we offer these research and best practice resources.

We invite you to check back often, as this list is regularly updated.

 

Child Care and Early Education Equity: A State Action Agenda

June 28, 2019 – Young Children

A report from CLASP details action steps for state policymakers seeking equity in child care and early education. Specific agenda items include evaluation of policies and consultation with experts (including low income families); supporting workforce development through training and compensation; expanding the reach of existing efforts like child care subsidies, quality standards systems, and Head Start; and making specific strategic investments in early childhood programming.

Wellness Check: Food Insecurity Among Families with Infants and Toddlers

June 28, 2019 – Families, Young Children

A factsheet from the Urban Institute finds that families with children younger than three have especially high rates of food insecurity, with one-in-four (26.6 percent) experiencing it in the past 12 months. Among low income parents of very young children, rates increased to more than half (50.9 percent). The report emphasizes that lack of adequate, nutritious food is especially damaging for young children, and concludes with action steps for policymakers and practitioners, including expanding screenings and supporting federal nutrition programs. (https://www.urban.org/research/publication/wellness-check-food-insecurity-amongfamilies-infants-and-toddlers

Report: Does Supportive Housing Keep Families Together?

June 6, 2019 – Families, Young Children, Older Youth

In 2012, the Children’s Bureau in the US Department of Health and Human Services’ Administration for Children and Families funded Partnerships to Demonstrate the Effectiveness of Supportive Housing for Families in the Child Welfare System, a five-year, $25 million demonstration that provided supportive housing to families in the child welfare system, in five sites. The Urban Institute has completed a six-year cross-site evaluation, a mixed-methods randomized controlled trial that included 807 families. Research focused on answering the following: Does supportive housing improve access to services, keep families stably housed, help keep families together and reduce their time spent in the child welfare system, and improve the health and social and emotional well-being for parents and children?

Family Resilience And Connection Promote Flourishing Among US Children, Even Amid Adversity

May 24, 2019 – Young Children, Older Youth

A new article in Health Affairs explored the concept of "flourishing" among US children age 6-17, measured with indicators on curiosity, persistence, and regulating emotions. The authors found that 40 percent of US children are flourishing, and that across levels of adverse childhood experiences, household income, and special health care needs, children were more likely flourish when levels of family resilience and connection were high. The article also estimates prevalence of flourishing for each state, finding that Maine's rate (35.7 percent) was significantly lower than nationwide.

A More Diverse Teaching Force May Improve Educational Outcomes for Minority Students (Infographic)

May 24, 2019 – Young Children

Mathematica released a research infographic suggesting that greater diversity among teachers may improve minority students' educational outcomes. The research finds that most minority students are not taught by teachers of the same race and ethnicity and that while the student body is diversifying quickly, teacher demographics are not keeping pace. The authors conclude that while it's not clear why matching race-ethnicity drives better outcomes for students, cultural relevance and positive role modeling may play a role.

The Role of Licensing in Supporting Quality Practices in Early Care and Education

May 20, 2019 – Young Children

A new brief from the Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation elucidates the<br />relationship between early care and education licensing and program quality. Beyond<br />conceptualizing licensing as simply a ?permission to operate? mechanism, this brief<br />provides a framework for policymakers and ECE professionals to make use of the licensing process and its components to improve and support quality programming.

Evaluation of Race to the Top Early Learning Challenge Grants

May 20, 2019 – Young Children

A new report from Mathematica evaluates results from Race to the Top-Early Learning Challenge grants. These grants aimed to increase the share of early childhood education programs that use a quality ratings system and that are highly scored in those systems. The grants did indeed meet this goal, but the report finds that children in higher-quality programs did not have better developmental outcomes than children in lower-rated programs. The authors suggest that program-level improvements related to management and administration may improve program quality but may not directly translate to improved outcomes for children.

A Conceptual Model for Quality in Home-Based Child Care

May 20, 2019 – Young Children

The Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation has published a new conceptual model for understanding and promoting quality in home-based child care. Major components of the model include laying foundations for sustainability of care (e.g., engaging resources, managing finances), building lasting relationships (e.g., with children, community members), and identifying opportunities for learning and development (e.g., capitalizing on available materials, supporting children's ability to learn with and from each other). Amid a broader context of declining home-based care and increased focus on quality, this model seeks to provide strategies for supporting and retaining homebased providers.

Inequitable Access to Child Care Subsidies

May 20, 2019 – Young Children, Families

A new analysis from CLASP explores how access to child care subsidies varies by state and race-ethnicity. The report finds that only 8 percent of potentially eligible children received subsidies in 2016, with especially high rates of access among black children (15 percent) and especially low rates among Asian children (3 percent). Access by state ranged from 15 percent in New Mexico to 3 percent in the District of Columbia (Maine was among 13 states excluded from the analysis due to data quality issues). The authors concluded that improving data collection and better understanding the causes of racial-ethnic stratification in access should be next steps.

Working Together for Children and Families: Findings from the National Descriptive Study of Early Head Start-Child Care Partnerships

May 16, 2019 – Young Children, Families

The Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation at the federal Administration for Children and Families published findings related to its Early Head Start-Child Care Partnerships grants, awarded in 2015. These grants aimed to connect the child development and family support services of Early Head Start with the flexibility and responsiveness of broader child care providers. The report found that partnerships were often between nonprofit, community organizations who were able to build on existing relationships and leverage funds from other sources to meet their community's needs. However, challenges around meeting Head Start Program Performance Standards, particularly around staff-child ratios and health and safety, caused about one-third of partnerships to end early. The study includes lessons on developing partnerships and supporting activities that improve the quality of service to infants, toddlers, and their families.

Is Maternal Income in Childhood Associated With Adolescent Health and Behavioral Outcomes?

May 16, 2019 – Older Youth, Families, Young Children

An article published in the Journal of Family Issues explores associations between maternal income during childhood and later adolescent health and behavioral outcomes. The authors find that net of other family income and demographic measures, higher maternal income in early childhood--that is, between 6 months of age and first grades--is associated with fewer adolescent problem behaviors at age 15, but not with changes in health outcomes. Maternal income in later childhood (Grade 3 through age 15) was not associated with either behavioral or health outcomes. The authors suggest that "investments in children between birth and first grade might be especially beneficial for reducing problem behaviors."

Child Care Subsidies under the CCDF Program: An Overview of Policy Differences across States and Territories as of October 1, 2017

May 16, 2019 – Young Children, Families

The Urban Institute and the Office for Planning, Research, and Evaluation published a report reviewing child care subsidy policy differences, including family eligibility, across states and U.S. territories. Compared with other states, Maine is unusual in that it does not formally prioritize homeless families or children under Child Protective Services for subsidy receipt; most of Maine's other policies align with the majority of states' policies.