Resource Library

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The John T. Gorman Foundation strives to be data-driven and results based and seeks to promote information and ideas that advance greater understanding of issues related to our mission and priorities. In our effort to promote these values, we offer these research and best practice resources collected from reputable sources across the country. The library also includes briefs and reports the Foundation has commissioned or supported, a listing of which can be found here.


New report describes business leaders’ perspectives on, and roles in, childcare

December 7, 2021 – Young Children, FamiliesChildcare, Workforce

A report from the Bipartisan Policy Center describes findings from a series of roundtable conversations on childcare with business leaders in 2019 and 2020. The report finds that many business leaders are aware of how childcare affects their employees, even if they’re unclear on their role in addressing the challenge. The authors find business size is correlated with capacity to support employee childcare needs, and while very small businesses are interested in supporting their workers, they don’t always have resources to do so. Most business leaders didn’t see onsite childcare provision as feasible, although offering tax incentives to businesses that provide family-friendly leave policies was favored by businesses large and small. The brief recommends business leaders collect information on their employees’ needs, quantify the business effects of inadequate childcare, consider family friendliness of company policy, and partner with local organizations to consider shared solutions.

Wide variety in comprehensiveness of states’ childcare consumer education websites

December 7, 2021 – Young ChildrenChildcare

A new report from the Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation assesses and compares states’ early childhood education consumer education websites, with special focus on the comprehensiveness and ease of access. The evaluation finds that most states’ websites include information about the availability of childcare subsidies, but far fewer were comprehensive in addressing other elements that shape family access. Specifically, only six states aggregated all their consumer education information into a single website, and only eight included information on all elements identified as important for easing families’ access to care.

States, including Maine, are leveraging COVID relief funds to advance equity in childcare

November 30, 2021 – Young Children, FamiliesChildcare, COVID-19, Education, Mental Health

The Center for Law and Social Policy has published a factsheet highlighting the ways that some states are investing American Rescue Plan Act funds to advance equity and bake in policy change that will support ongoing federal investment. The report specifically highlights Maine’s plan to use federal relief funds to expand mental health and socioemotional support programming to children and providers, as well as the state’s shift to enrollment-based reimbursement for subsidies (rather than the traditional attendance-based). Other states’ efforts to increase pay, reduce barriers to access through higher eligibility cutoffs or waived copays, stabilize provider revenue through higher subsidy reimbursement, or to support home-based childcare providers are also lauded.

Barriers and opportunities to connecting home-based childcare providers with federal programs

November 9, 2021 – Young ChildrenChildcare, COVID-19

A new paper from the Urban Institute focuses on supporting home-based childcare (HBCC) providers’ participation in federal programs, from childcare scholarships to financial supports from the Small Business Administration. The report cites evidence that during the pandemic, parents have preferred the smaller and more flexible settings HBCC providers offer. The authors cite unfamiliarity with the programs, challenges enrolling, and difficulty meeting program requirements as key challenges facing HBCC providers. Given new pandemic-era funding for the childcare sector, authors note that states could provide dedicated outreach and support staff for helping HBCC providers navigate the federal programming landscape. They also cite formal HBCC network opportunities as a promising model, and suggest that fully utilizing federal resources is key to stabilizing the HBCC sector.

Reviewing the literature on the Head Start-kindergarten transition yields new theory of change

October 27, 2021 – Young ChildrenChildcare, Education

The Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation at the Administration for Children and Families has published a new literature review summarizing existing knowledge on the transition between Head Start to kindergarten for children, families, and educators, with the goal of understanding systems-level practices that can build on the successes of early learning. From the specialized and targeted knowledge base, the report yields a theory of change that the authors suggest can support successful transitions to kindergarten.

Report gathers evidence on measuring quality in home-based childcare

October 22, 2021 – Young Children, Older Youth, FamiliesChildcare, Racial Equity

As part of its “Home Based Child Care Supply and Quality Project,” the Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation has published a literature review that summarizes features of childcare quality in home-based settings. The work finds wide variation in the definition of home-based childcare (HBCC), but some common features of quality, including those related to learning environments and the provider’s relationships with children and families. The review finds that HBCC providers often excel at certain quality features like mixed age and nontraditional hours care, but also that there is scant scholarship on family friend and neighbor (FFN) care, compared with licensed/registered/listed family childcare (FFC). The paper concludes with recommendations that future research focus on children, families, and providers from historically marginalized groups, on HBCC for older children or children with disabilities, and on drawing in multiple or mixed methods to best understand the breadth and long-term outcomes of HBCC experiences.

Bipartisan Policy Center report identifies roles for community foundations in meeting local childcare challenges

October 21, 2021 – Young Children, FamiliesChildcare

To supplement federal and state efforts to support the childcare sector, a new report from the Bipartisan Policy Center calls attention to the role that community foundations can play in local-level interventions. The authors suggest that these foundations benefit from deep local knowledge, a high degree of trust, and capacity to leverage non-governmental sources of funding that can support the sector in their own communities. The report highlights the efforts of foundations in eight states, and lists strategies that many foundations share, including funding needs assessments, shared service models, and advocacy efforts.

Summary of early childhood educator convening focuses on racial, economic, and social justice

October 21, 2021 – Young Children, FamiliesChildcare, COVID-19, Racial Equity, Workforce

The Urban Institute recently published coverage of its January 2021 convening of early childhood education researchers, which focused on strengthening financial equity and workforce wellbeing among educators with a racial, economic, and social justice lens. The paper summarizes discussion and presentations from the event, concluding that the pandemic worsened conditions of pay and wellbeing for early educators in ways that reflect much longer-running conditions of structural racism. Focusing investment on home-based providers or infant/toddler educators—sectors in which women of color are disproportionately represented—could provide a pathway to addressing this gap.

College collects outside-the-classroom data on students to provide supports needed to keep them in the classroom

September 16, 2021 – Older YouthChildcare, COVID-19, Education, Food Security

The Chronicle of Higher Education describes how the pandemic has inspired colleges to enhance data collection on students’ basic needs as a strategic effort to support student well being and improve graduation rates. The article highlights Amarillo College, a two-year college in Texas with about 9,000 enrolled students. While the school has asked students about housing and food insecurity for five years, the pandemic encouraged administrators to invest in more sophisticated data infrastructure. Responses to the survey have been used to meet broad student needs—like partnering with community organizations to implement more bus routes—and in the pandemic, for identifying specific students who need assistance with rent, food, and childcare (using federal pandemic relief funds). In the years since implementing the initial student survey, the college has seen its graduation and transfer rates nearly double, from 30 to 58 percent.

What does capping child care co-pays look like in each state?

August 18, 2021 – Families, Young ChildrenChildcare, COVID-19, Racial Equity

A new resource published by CLASP provides a state-by-state analysis of the Child Care for Working Families Act’s sliding scale co-payment proposal. The act would cap out-of-pocket child care costs for families earning less than 150 percent of their state’s median income with co-pays varying across four levels. For instance, families earning less than 75 percent of median income would have zero co-pay, while families earning 125-150 percent would pay between 4 and 7 percent of their income. For Maine, this translates to free child care for families earning less than $61,888, and a maximum co-payment of $8,820 for Maine families earning up to $126,003. #covid-19 #childcare #racialequity

Five policy proposals to help time-squeezed parents

August 13, 2021 – Families, Young ChildrenChildcare

In an August article, Brookings researchers outline a variety of policy options to better support working parents and other caregivers. To reduce the “timesqueeze,” authors suggest providing workers a minimum of 20 days of paid leave for any reason. This time could be used to meet caregiving demands or for selfcare. As workers tend to be most time squeezed in their mid-life, allowing for mid-career sabbaticals of up to 12 weeks of leave is another way to support paid leave. Regarding childcare infrastructure, authors elevate universal prekindergarten and subsidized childcare as especially important. Finally, matching the school day schedule to the average workday (9am – 5pm) would create better alignment for working parents and likely improve educational outcomes.

Supporting immigrant children and families is critical in rebuilding the child care system and overall economy

August 11, 2021 – Families, Young ChildrenChildcare, COVID-19, Mental Health, Racial Equity

CLASP recently published a brief outlining how immigrant providers and families can utilize the two child care funding streams made available in the American Rescue Plan Act: $24 billion in stabilization grants and another $15 billion for child care assistance through the Child Care and Development Block Grant (CCDBG). Because immigrant families are a significant share of the nation’s families with children, and because immigrant workers comprise a substantial slice of child care providers, CLASP argues that excluding immigrant needs from planning processes risks leaving significant numbers of families and children behind. CLASP recommends that state agencies conduct outreach in immigrant communities to inform them about their eligibility for relief and to reduce fear and misunderstanding, support mental health services for immigrant workers and families, use funds to improve and coordinate state data systems, and be sure to bring the voices of immigrant communities into the decision-making process. #covid-19 #childcare #mentalhealth #racialequity