Mathematica researchers detail current racial disparities in adoption, 25 years after the Multiethnic Placement Act of 1994 that aimed to improve foster and adoptive systems. They report that some progress has been made: the overall number of adoptions has increased by 22 percent, and the proportion of all adoptions that are transracial—where the adoptive parent(s) are not the same race as the child—increased from 21 to 28 percent. However, children of color are still spending longer periods of time in foster care awaiting adoption than white children. As of the most recent data from 2017-2019, Black children spent the longest average time in foster care at 33 months, as compared to 28 months for Hispanic/Latinx children and 27 months for white children. #racialequity
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